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A joint project by
Institute for Social Studies of the University Of Warsaw and
Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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The Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 1990-1997

IDP0014
Title of the StudyThe Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 1990-1997
Full name of the institution depositing the dataInstitute for Social Studies at the Warsaw University authorized by the Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung at the University of Cologne, Germany
Principal Investigatorsee codebook
Contact personsee codebook
Data collection languageEN
Documentation languageEN
Flags

The purpose of the study

Once a year the CEEB surveys have been monitoring economic and political changes, and attitudes towards Europe and the European Union in up to 20 countries of the region

Standard EUROBAROMETER public opinion surveys have been conducted in the European Union (EU) several times a year since Autumn 1973 on behalf of Directorate-General X for Information, Communication, Culture, Audiovisual of the European Commission. As from January 1996, around 16,300 inhabitants of the 15 Member States, aged over 15, have been interviewed face-to-face on a nationally representative basis. Reports on the results have been regularly published and a "trends" volume appears once a year. Furthermore European Continuous Tracking is published every 3 months in "Europinion", showing the views of ´800 EU citizens per month in each of the Member States. In 1996, a survey of top decision-makers was conducted as a pilot study.

Central and Eastern EUROBAROMETER started in Autumn 1990 when nationally representative surveys were undertaken on behalf of the European Commission in Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia. For the second wave of research,the number of countries was expanded to include nationally-representative samples from Albania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Russia west of the Urals. Central and Eastern EUROBAROMETER no. 3 included Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Slovenia and Ukraine, while taking into account the split of Czechoslovakia. Georgia and Moldova were not surveyed in 1993, while Georgia and Kazakhstan were added in 1994. In 1995 the survey was extended to Croatia. Yugoslavia was included in 1996. In 1997 the survey was restricted again to the ten countries in the region which are applying for EU-membership (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia). In all of the 10 countries covered by Central and Eastern EUROBAROMETER no.8, a sample of around 1000 persons were interviewed in their homes.The survey was coordinated with the help of GfK EUROPE Ad hoc Research, in cooperation with Fessel - GfK Austria. Data processing was undertaken by GfK Data Services Germany.


Main topics of the study

ZA2493 (CEEB1)

Judgement on the general political and economic development of the country; expected development of the economic situation; judgement on one's own financial situation; attitude to the market economy; personal opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions; judgement on economic reforms; satisfaction with democracy; feeling as European; attitude to European unification; knowledge about the EC or the Common Market; judgement on the aims and activities of the EC; knowledge about the president of the EC; judgement on Western European economic aid for the country; attitude to closer cooperation with the EC and desired point in time for the country's joining the EC; attitude to the country's cooperation with the EC in selected political, social and cultural areas; attitude to unification of the two German states; most important source of information about the EC; self-assessment of extent to which informed about the EC and frequency of obtaining news in press,radio and television; extent of trust in the residents of the Ukraine, Turkey, Switzerland, Sweden,Spain, Slovakia, Greece, Russia, Romania, Austria, Portugal, Poland, Norway, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Lithuania, Yugoslavia, Ireland, Italy, Holland, France, Finland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Belarus, Belgium, America; self-classification on a left-right continuum; attitude to the so-called "European House" and Pan-European Organization"; interest in matters and problems of the EC; contentment with life; interest in politics; benefit of EC membership for one's own country; knowledge as well as judgement on the European Social Charter and the common domestic market; judgement on the speed of unification of the two German states; judgement on membership of re-united Germany in the EC; regret of a failure of the EC; approval of a European Government; satisfaction with the national government; expected price development and development of unemployment; judgement on price development in comparison to wage development; expected success in economic policy of the government; necessity of social reforms (scale); desired strength of rapprochement to the EC and the domestic market; media usage.

ZA2251 (CEEB2)

Personal opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions; judgement on the general and the economic situation of the country as well as one's own financial situation; attitude to the market economy; judgement on the speed of economic reforms in one's country; satisfaction with the development of democracy and the realization of human rights in the country; most important reasons for satisfaction with democracy; feeling as a European; knowledge of selected European and international organizations as well as the president of the EC Commission; attitude to the EC; attitude to one's own country joining the EC; preferred time interval for such a membership; expected advantages or disadvantages for one's own country from EC membership; attitude to agreements and cooperation with the EC; preference for territorial integrity or self-determination for the peoples of Yugoslavia; judgement on the EC initiatives to solve the crisis in Yugoslavia; attitude to EC aid for the Soviet Union; preference for continued existence of the Soviet Union or division in independent states; knowledge about the European domestic market 1992; expected effects of the European domestic market on the relation of one's own country to Western Europe; judgement on the EC, the Soviet Union, Japan and the USA as fair trading partners; interest in information on selected European institutions; most important sources of information about the EC; planned work migration to Western Europe; certainty of plans to emigrate to the west; intent to participate in the next election; party preference; union membership; religiousness; native language; national or ethnic affiliation; city size; self-classification on a left-right continuum; frequency of use of western media; detailed information on satellite television programs and radio stations received. Also encoded was: date of interview; time of start of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.

ZA2321 (CEEB3)

Judgment on the general political and economic development of the country; expected development of the economic situation; judgment on the development of one's own financial situation; attitude to the market economy; judgment on the speed of economic reforms as well as privatisation of government companies; personal opinion leadership; frequency of political discussions; probability of establishment of a dictatorship in the country; satisfaction with democracy; comparison of the earlier political system with the current one; extent of respect for human rights in one's country and reason forthis assessment; attitude to the decay of countries in the east; satisfaction with western economic aid; knowledge about the "Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe", the European Community and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; attitude to the goals and activities of the European Community; knowledge about the location of the most important European institutions; designations of the country with which the future of one's own country is most closely tied; interest in the EC; general interest in the EC and EC membership of the country; preferred point in time to join the EC; knowledge and interest in support programs of the EC, making trade easier with the EC and the agreements on political, economic as well as cultural cooperation; perceived advantages and disadvantages of membership of one's own country; population groups or political areas that could profit from or be disadvantaged by a tie with the EC; judgement on the success of the UN, the EC, the CSCE and NATO in solving the Yugoslavia conflict; assessment of the EC, Japan, the USA and Russia as fair trading partners; most important source of information about the EC; trust in domestic and foreign television or radio stations as well as newspapers and magazines; attitude to freedom of the press; frequency of listening to foreign radio stations; probability of personally migrating to Western Europe for work; union membership; self-classification on a left-right continuum; religiousness; feeling as a European; perceived discrimination in the country due to ethnic affiliation; intent to participate in the election; party preference; native language; city size; date of interview; time of start of interview; length of interview; presence of other persons during survey; willingness of respondents to cooperate.

ZA2474 (CEEB4)

Judgement on general development of the country; judgement on the financial development of the household in the last year and expectations here for the next year; attitude to the free market economy; judgement on the speed of economic reforms as well as of privatisation of public companies; satisfaction with the development of democracy in the country; assessment of the extent of respect for human rights in one's country; attitude to the goals and activities of the European Community; designation of the country with which the future of one's own country will be most closely tied; religiousness; frequency of conducting religious activities; ethnic origin; self-classification on a left-right continuum; feeling as a European; intent to participate in the election; party preference; region; city size; date of interview; time of start of interview; presence of other persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.

ZA2577 (CEEB5)

Judgement on the general development of the country; judgement on the development of the financial situation of household in the last year and expectations of this for the next year; attitude to the free market economy; judgement on the speed of economic reforms; satisfaction with the development of democracy in the country; assessment of the extent of respect of human rights in one's country; attitude to the goals and activities of the EU; designation of the country with which the future of one's own country is most closely tied; beneficiary of the relations between the EU and one's country; sources used for information about policies and institutions of the EU; population groups and political areas that could profit or suffer from a connection with the EU; right to vote in general elections and party preference; nationality or ethnic origins; monthly net income of household; region.

ZA2802 (CEEB6)

Assessment of the political and economic situation of the country. Attitude to the European Union. Topics: Judgement on the general development of the country; judgement on the financial development of individual household in the last year and expectations on this for the next year; attitude to the free market economy; judgement on the speed of economic reforms as well as privatisation of government companies; satisfaction with development of democracy in the country; assessment of the extent of respect of human rights in one's country; attitude to the goals and activities of the European Union; designation of the country with which the future of one's own country most likely is tied; degree of familiarity of the aid programs called PHARE and TACIS for the countries of the former East Bloc; knowledge about those providing money for the two programs; more advantages for the country or the EU from mutual relations; party preference; national or ethnic origins; native language; knowledge of foreign languages. Except in Russia the following question was also posed: primarily used source of information about the policies of the EU. In the countries that had signed the European Agreement the following questions were also posed: attitude regarding membership in the EU and NATO; groups having particular advantage or disadvantage from the tie with the EU; region; city size; date of interview; time of start of interview; presence of other persons during the survey; willingness of respondent to cooperate.

ZA2924 (CEEB7)

Judgement on the general development of the country; judgement on the development of one's own financial situation in the last year and expectations in the next year; attitude to the market economy; satisfaction with the development of democracy in the country; assessment of the extent of respect of human rights in one's country; attitude to the goals and activities of the EU; designation of the country with which the future of one's own country the soonest will be tied; EU or one's country as beneficiary of the relation to the EU; sources used for information about the policies and the institutions of the EU; housing situation; party preference; ethnic origins; native language; knowledge of foreign languages. The following additional questions were posed in the "European Agreement"countries: approval of membership of one's country in the EU and most important reasons for one's own stand; designation of area of business, social groups and institutions, who are winners or losers in the relation to the EU; attitude to opening of an EU information centre in the capital city of the country; EU-related areas with highest need for information.

ZA3068 (CEEB8)

Judgement on the general development of the country; satisfaction with democracy in one'scountry (split: democracy development versus manner of function of democracy); attitude to the free market economy; assessment of the extent of respect for human rights in one's country; knowledge of the European flag; knowledge about the organizations UN, EU and European Council; attitude to the goals and activities of the EU; designation of the country with orientation function for the future of one's own country; approval of one's own country joining the EU as well as NATO and reasons for or against this; approval of joining the EU given previous membership of one's own country in NATO; primary beneficiary of the relations between the EU and one's own country; sources of information used about policies and institutions of the EU; population groups and political areas that could profit from a tie to the EU or could be disadvantaged; interest in information about topic areas of the EU, such as agriculture, foreign and security policy, environment, human rights; eligibility to vote; party preference (Sunday question); occupational position; nationality; knowledge of a foreign language; income; region; city size.

ZA3648 (TRENDS CEEB 1-8)

(trend variables): Judgement on the general political and economic development of the country; expected development of the economic situation; judgement on one's own financial situation; attitude to the market economy; frequency of political discussions; judgement on economic reforms; satisfaction with democracy; human rights; feeling as European; attitude to European unification; most important source of information about the EC; EU membership; desired point in time for the country's joining the EC; NATO membership; benefits of EU relationship; left-right self placement; right to vote; vote intention; party voted for; size of household; income; national background; native language; region; size of community; date of interview; weighting factors.


Unit of Analysis

person

Sample design

Type of the sample applied in the Study

see codebook

Geographic coverage of the sample

see codebook
Lower age cut-off for the sample15
Upper age cut-off for the samplebrak

Data collection methods were used for the study

"face-to-face" interview

The total number of starting or issued names/addresses and the total number of successfully completed

starting or issued names/addresses
sucessfully completed

Substitution or replacement of respondents

see codebook

Post-stratification weight

available

Factors considered at construction of the post-stratified weighting factor

see codebook

Weighting or post-stratification strategy used

see codebook

Known limitations (biases) of the achieved sample. For example: differential coverage of particular groups, either because of sample design or response differences.

see codebook

Description of sample design

Attached to deposited documentation

Fieldwork

Start and end dates of fieldwork

Start date--1990
End date--1997

Interviews back-checked (e.g. supervisor checks later whether interview was conducted

Yes - approximate proportion see %

Other information about the study

Pattern for data quotation

The data utilized in this (publication) were documented and made available by the ZENTRALARCHIV FUER EMPIRISCHE SOZIALFORSCHUNG, KOELN. The data for the 'CEEB' were collected by independent institutions in each country (see: principal investigators in the study-description-schemes for each participating country).

To provide funding agencies with essential information about use of archival resources and to facilitate the exchange of information about related research activities, users of the data are requested to send to ZA respectively bibliographic citations for each completed manuscript or thesis abstract. Please indicate in a cover letter which data (surveys and respective variables) were used. We appreciate information about any errors that you find in CEEB data or documentation.

The original collector of the data, ZEUS, and ZA bear no responsibility for uses of this collection or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.


Generally accessible publications that refer to this data

http://europa.eu.int/comm/public_opinion/archives/ceeb_en.htm

Data distribution

Data use restrictions

Freely avaiable.

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